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We are still here! Let us send you tips for travelling through Myanmar and stories from the road …
Here is our practical information for travelling in Myanmar including visa requirements, security concerns and recommended vaccinations. We suggest you also consider your home country’s travel advice for Myanmar.
Sampan Travel is based in Yangon – this means our travel advice for Myanmar is accurate and up-to-date. We also have pages on Myanmar culture and cuisine, and recommendations for what to do in Myanmar and where to go. Sampan is committed to having a positive impact on the lives of local communities. Read about our commitment to responsible travel here.
Borders are open but some entry restrictions still apply. The majority of travellers to Myanmar require a tourist visa. E-visas can be applied for online. COVID-19 restrictions have been relaxed but there are still some regulations in place. Parts of the country remain off-limits to tourists.
In May 2022, applications for Myanmar tourist visas were accepted once more after a two-year suspension. Tourist visas must be obtained before travel to Myanmar. E-visas can be applied for online at the Ministry of Immigration and Population (MoIP) website. When applying it is necessary to present proof of a hotel booking and return flight. See here the Myanmar visa requirements or contact us directly. The review of a tourist e-visa application should take 3-5 business days however current delays mean that it might take much longer. A tourist e-visa is valid for 28 days and is for single-entry only.
Extensive delays and unexplained rejection can be expected for business visa applications. If travelling on a business visa, ensure to also print out and keep with your visa the invitation letter that accompanies your visa.
Visas can also be obtained at most Myanmar embassies. It may be necessary to apply in person and you may be requested to provide your CV (to see where you have worked in the past) and your planned travel itinerary.
Most tourist visas are valid for 28 days and occupy a full page in your passport. Validity usually expires after 90 days so do not apply too early. Note that tourist visas-on-arrival are not possible.
In addition to a valid visa, other Myanmar entry requirements are:
Myanmar recognizes the following vaccines:
The country, name and date(s) of vaccination must be clearly stated in English and / or Burmese, along with the particulars of the travellers according to their passport.
We recommend bringing multiple, hard copies of the required documents.
After disembarking from the plane:
These rules are subject to change at short notice.
Below you can find an infographic from MoH outlining the protocol for international arrivals to Myanmar by air.
In normal times, it is possible to enter Myanmar via the land border with Thailand in the east and south. Visas-on-arrival can be obtained at Tachileik and Kyaing Tong (near Chiang Rai). Travellers can enter with a pre-arranged visa at Myawaddy (Mae Sot on the Thai side), Htee Khee (Phy Nam Ron) and Kawthaung (Ranong) in the far south. Those entering at Kawthaung with a visa-on-arrival can only remain within Kawthaung township. In the past, a pre-arranged visa was enough to enter Myanmar from India at Tamu (Moreh on the Indian side) and Rihkhawtar (Zowkhawtar) in the northwest.
Formerly, it has been possible to travel into Myanmar in your own vehicle from the border crossings with India (Tamu or Zowkhawtar) and exit at the border with Thailand at Tachileik. A guide is compulsory. Please contact us for more information on all Myanmar entry restrictions.
For some parts of the country, in addition to a valid visa, travel permits will be required. Some other parts of the country are entirely off-limits to tourists. The situation is fluid so please contact one of our travel consultants. They will be happy to inform you on the current situation and provide all up-to-date Myanmar travel requirements and regulations.
Myanmar is one of the most welcoming countries to travellers. However recent political turbulence has increased the security risk. Fierce fighting continues in various regions. Small attacks between the Myanmar military and resistance forces occur around the country on a weekly basis. There are military checkpoints throughout Myanmar.
In November 2020 Myanmar held a general election and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi`s National League for Democracy won a landslide victory. The Myanmar military (the Tatmadaw) claimed widespread fraud and seized power on 1 February 2021. Suu Kyi, President U Win Myint and other members of the elected government were arrested. Peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations took place across the country. In response, security forces fired live rounds. Fighting erupted – the mainly young pro-democracy demonstrators armed with home-made shields and slingshots.
Since then, the landscape has changed dramatically. Many of the most ardent demonstrators have retreated to Myanmar’s border areas. There they receive training from the ethnic armed organizations that have battled the Tatmadaw for decades. These resistance fighters have set-up ‘people’s defence forces’ (PDFs) to combat the Tatmadaw and police force. Parts of the north and east have descended into warfare: air strikes, artillery bombardments, landmines and armed clashes.
In other parts of the country, where the Tatmadaw have at least a semblance of control, PDFs tend to attack ‘soft targets’ with shootings and targeted explosions. Heads of villages, ward administrators, civil servants who appear to be loyal to the military and informers are all targets.
Considering all this, we are regularly asked whether Myanmar is safe to travel to. We believe it can be. Much of the country looks curiously like it did in 2019. Shopping malls are busy in Yangon; most bars are open and they are mostly full. Cycling through southern Shan State remains peaceful. The coastline is idyllic.
That being said, a foreigner travelling in Myanmar will see an increased presence of military and police. You will regularly pass checkpoints. More often than not, you will simply be asked where you are travelling from and where you are travelling to. If you are travelling with a Myanmar driver or guide they will be able to answer for you. Sometimes you will be asked to show your passport. Often you will not.
As a tourist in Myanmar you are not in direct danger. You will likely be treated with courtesy and respect by everyone you come across. In all interaction with security forces we recommend you behave politely and business-like. Always travel with your passport and visa or copies. Listen to the advice of your guides and drivers. If you do not, it is possible that you will put them in danger, even if you are not reprimanded yourself.
Do not travel where you are not supposed to. Be sure not to be out after curfew (currently midnight to 4AM in most of the country.) Be cautious and discreet when talking about politics. Never take photographs or footage of security forces, nor their buildings or vehicles. Don’t fly a drone. Avoid public demonstrations. Do not overstay your visa. Inform yourself of the situation – this practical information for travelling in Myanmar will help.
Myanmar is a real country with real people and so incidents involving tourists and civilians have been known to take place. However, we would argue that crime against travellers is much less common in Myanmar than in other southeast Asian countries. Petty crime and attacks against foreigners are incredibly rare. Most people who approach travellers out of the blue are simply keen to practice their English. Broad smiles will get you pleasantly through most encounters.
Based on the ground in-country, Sampan is acutely aware of Myanmar safety and security. We take precautions to ensure that we are aware of the situation throughout the country so to keep our guests and partners as safe as possible.
We utilize resources such as Exera security services, international government travel advice (here from the UK and here the US) and alerts, local and international media (we recommend Frontier’s Daily Briefing for an overview of the current situation) and our contacts throughout the country to create a security map of Myanmar. With these precautions, although risk cannot be 100 per cent eliminated, it can be safe for foreigners in Myanmar.
The military’s seizure of power has reignited the ethical debate about travel to Myanmar. Follow the following link below to read why Sampan still encourages responsible travel to Myanmar. You can read more about the history of Myanmar here.
In addition to COVID-19, recommended travel vaccines for Myanmar include hepatitis A and typhoid. The cautious may wish to take immunization from hepatitis B, cholera, Japanese encephalitis and rabies. A yellow fever vaccination may be required depending on recent travel history. Always keep hydrated but avoid drinking from the tap.
The most common ailment that afflicts visitors to Myanmar is diarrhea that lasts only a day or so. If you do get diarrhea, take some oral rehydration salts. If you need to purchase these while in Myanmar we recommend Royal D – available in most pharmacies and supermarkets. You should seek medical advice if diarrhea continues for more than three days. If there is blood or mucus in your stool, you may have dysentery and should see a doctor.
We urge you to not let the chance of suffering diarrhea get in the way of trying the local food. Often it is from poorly prepared international dishes that travellers get sick.
The heat of Myanmar can always be a risk to travellers not used to these temperatures. Dehydration can lead to heat exhaustion with symptoms of weakness, nausea and a rapid pulse. If showing signs of dehydration or heat exhaustion, remove yourself from the heat, rehydrate yourself and rest with your feet elevated. Heatstroke is more serious, with symptoms of confusion and loss of co-ordination. Seek medical attention immediately if showing such symptoms. Wet and cold clothes or ice should be applied to your body as soon as possible.
Note that when off the beaten track, squat toilets are more common than Western-style toilets. Be sure to have hand sanitizer and a bit of toilet paper to hand. Sampan provides our guests with these upon arrival.
All travellers in Myanmar should take care to avoid being bitten by mosquitos. Apply mosquito-specific repellent and cover exposed skin. It is extremely rare for travellers to catch malaria (none of our guests ever have). However, travellers may wish to take prophylaxis as the disease is present outside of Yangon, Mandalay and areas below 1,000 metres elevation. Early symptoms of malaria are fever, sweats, body pains and chills. Symptoms of severe malaria include looking pale, yellow eyes and skin, seizures and difficulty breathing. Attention from a medical professional should be sought if exhibiting these symptoms.
Some mosquitoes in Myanmar carry dengue fever for which there is no vaccination or cure from the high fever and headache. Again, it is extremely rare for travellers to catch dengue. However, if you do, take rest and, if you require it, paracetamol, but not aspirin. If symptoms worsen and persist, seek medical attention. The dengue mosquito bites during the day time and at any time of year.
Chikungunya, a viral infection usually transmitted by the bite of mosquitos, is also present in Myanmar. Chikungunya is even less common than dengue. Usual symptoms of chikungunya are fever and joint pain. There is currently no vaccine or drug against the virus. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms, which can vary in severity and duration.
When in country, Sampan recommends International SOS in Yangon and Pun Hlaing in Yangon and Mandalay. If you are a guest of ours travelling through Myanmar, your guides and Sampan travel consultant will offer you advise and if necessary direct you to the nearest medical facilities.
Sampan stresses the importance of taking out private travel and health insurance that covers medical care and emergency evacuation, as in the most serious cases you may need to be taken to Thailand or Singapore. Furthermore, we urge visitors to speak to their local before doctor before travelling so to receive accurate and up-to-date travel health and hygiene tips for Myanmar as well as all current recommended Myanmar vaccinations and medical-related practical information for travelling in Myanmar. We also recommend the British government’s thorough travel health and hygiene tips for Myanmar and the TravelHealth Pro site.
For COVID-19-specific risks and requirements, please see our page dedicated to COVID-19 in Myanmar.
The best time of year to visit Myanmar is the cool season from November through to February. It is not scorching hot but the skies are clear. You will want a light jumper in the mornings and evenings or, for example, if travelling by boat at Inle.
The Myanmar climate is split into three seasons. The cool season, November through to February with average temperatures of 20-25°C (68-70°F). The hot season, March through to May with average temperatures of 30-35°C (86-95°F). And the green season (the monsoon) June through to October with average temperatures of 25-30°C (70-86°F). Myanmar’s ‘cyclone season’ runs from April to October. It is unlikely that a cyclone will disrupt your journey in Myanmar.
Of course, it is possible to travel here any time of year. The best month to visit Myanmar really depends upon your preference. Many travellers come outside of the cool season to take advantage of the cheaper rates and the scarcity of tourists. We would recommend the green season ahead of the hot season. The rain usually only lasts in short, sharp deluges. The landscape is a luscious green – as opposed to in the hot season when it is dry and arid. The heat of the hot season is more likely to make you take shelter and restrict you to the hotel than the rain of the green season.
That being said, note that during the monsoon some off the beaten track destinations will be unreachable due to flooding. This includes Chin State in the north or even Hpa-An and Mawlamyine in the south. It is usually not possible to visit the islands of the Mergui Archipelago (the far south) during the monsoon and many hotels on the beach will be closed.
The weather in Myanmar can always surprise. When considering what to pack, you will want a hat, sun glasses and sun cream any time of year. Always bring at least one jumper and pair of long trousers. Sampan can provide you with umbrellas and ponchos. They are also easy to purchase cheaply when you arrive. Contact one of our travel consultants for more information on the weather and other in-depth, up-to-date practical information for travelling in Myanmar.
The majority of hotels, restaurants and bars catering to international travellers have wi-fi. However, since 2021, the coverage of internet in Myanmar in general has become much worse. Phone data is quicker than wi-fi – but remains patchy. Digital security is poor.
It is easy and cheap to buy your own local SIM card offering good data packages. You will need to register your SIM so bring a long a copy of your passport photo page, visa and a passport photo. Which network signal is best in Myanmar? MPT (state-owned) has the best coverage throughout the country.
Sampan provides our guests with a local SIM card with 4G internet. If receiving a phone from Sampan, we will have inserted useful local phone numbers including our own and those of guides and hotels. Coverage can be hit-and-miss in off the beaten track locations.
Myanmar’s country code is +95. When contacting local organizations in Myanmar, the quickest way to receive a response will likely be via Facebook Messenger, but …
… the Myanmar military has banned a range of websites in Myanmar, including Facebook and Wikipedia. Most people in the country use a VPN to access these websites. Consequently, the use of VPNs has also now been made illegal. You can read here about digital security in Myanmar or contact one of our travel consultants.
Domestic flights operate around much of Myanmar. There is a wide network of public busses (fairly uncomfortable) and coaches (more comfortable). However the use of these by foreigners has been restricted since 2021. Train travel is also limited. Private cars can be used to reach much of the country.
Most of the aircraft that Sampan use are ATR72s. For the majority there is a 20-kilo limit for baggage per person and excess baggage fees may be charged. If flying in and out of Yangon and Mandalay, it is possible to leave excess baggage at your hotel, to be picked up upon your return. Note that it is not possible to check-in online prior to your flight. Please note that cigarette lighters must be packed within checked-in luggage on all domestic flights. If you are vaccinated against COVID-19, bring a hard copy of your vaccination certificate. If you are unvaccinated, COVID-19 tests may be required before travel. Please contact us for specifics.
Some coach companies can accept foreign travellers however certain documents may be required: valid passport and visa, COVID-19 vaccination certificate and ward endorsement or travel permit if travelling to Naypyidaw.
If opting for a coach, night coaches are always more plush. Paying a bit extra for a VIP coach (opt for the 2+1 coaches for extra leg space!) is better than travelling on the budget ‘express’ coaches. Bring jumpers and socks as the air-con is cranked up to the max. Most coach companies also have the irritating practice of stopping in the dead of night at service stations for refreshments and requiring all passengers to vacate the vehicle for 30 minutes. Also, be aware that some night coaches arrive at their destination in the very early hours of the morning. Check the time of your arrival when you buy your ticket, so not to be stranded hours before dawn. We recommend not asking the driver what time you will arrive, as this can be seen as tempting fate and bad luck …
Myanmar railways are fun, but slow and bumpy, and largely out of service due to a striking workforce. Travel is possible by boat down the Ayeyarwady and (in the cool season) Chindwin rivers.
Private cars are a more expensive option but ensure that money is going directly to good people – Myanmar’s wonderful guides and drivers! It allows you to see the country at your own speed, close-up. In Yangon and Mandalay we recommend using Grab (the Uber of southeast Asia) for comfort and fixed fares.
Trishaws can be hired in Yangon, tuk-tuks in Mandalay, and e-bikes in Bagan. In places like southern Shan State it is possible to travel almost entirely by boat, bicycle and your own two feet. Hurrah for the planet! Contact us for more practical information for travelling in Myanmar.
Credit and debit cards are accepted at major hotels, most large shops and restaurants. However, we suggest you bring a sufficient amount of cash to exchange for personal expenses. The currency in Myanmar is the Myanmar kyat – ‘MMK’ – pronounced ‘chat’.
US dollar is the best currency to bring to Myanmar. We recommend that the dollars you bring are principally 100s. These receive a better exchange rate than lower denominations. Ensure your notes are as crisp and clean as possible. Notes with creases or marks are liable to be rejected at banks, exchange outlets and even hotels and restaurants. Exchange of other foreign currencies such as euros, yuan and pounds sterling can be tricky outside of Yangon.
It is possible to pay in US$ cash at some international hotels and international bars and restaurants. When receiving change in US$, ensure that the notes are of good quality, otherwise they may be worthless to you in Myanmar. You are within your rights to refuse tatty change.
Due to concerns over counterfeit money, dollars with the letters AB and CB at the start of the serial number (top left-hand corner of the note) aren’t always accepted. Notes with pen marks, folds or tears are also not accepted.
In local restaurants, markets, and when paying for local transport, you will be expected to pay in Myanmar kyat.
Banks are closed on Saturdays, Sundays and all public holiday. Very few ATMS are operating in the country.
Traditionally, Myanmar travel expenses were higher in comparison to other countries in southeast Asia. Today, the hotels that remain open are generally cheaper than in 2019. Flights will cost between 50 and 100 US$ (£40-80) for journeys of an hour or less. Taxis, tuk-tuks and local food are inexpensive.
Below we have listed some everyday prices to help you budget for your Myanmar trip. We have made a rough conversion into US$ and GBP for your ease:
A private taxi from the airport to downtown Yangon (45 minutes to an hour) costs approximately $8 (£6). Double that for a similar length journey in other parts of the country.
For hearty, local fare you are looking at something like $3 (£2.50) per dish. Snacks, salads and noodle dishes will be cheaper. International cuisine and anything served in a hotel or one of the international airports will be more expensive, maybe $6 (£5). Dishes at the handful of gourmet European restaurants in Yangon can rise to $30+ (£24+).
In a café or restaurant, fresh fruit juice will probably be around $2 (£1.50); a real coffee the same. A pint of beer will cost approximately $1 (£0.80). Cocktails around $3 (£2.5) and a glass of wine at a similar price. A bottle of water is $0.20 (£0.15) and a pack of cigarettes $0.50 (£0.40).
… And if you’re wondering, a carton of milk is about $1 (£0.80).
A variety of sockets and plugs are used in Myanmar. This includes type A, type C, type D, type G and type I. A, C and G are most common and many of the electrical outlets can take all of them. The electricity supply in Myanmar is 230V, 50 Hz AC.
If you are without the right power plug at any time, even the most basic hotel or restaurant will be able to find a power adapter for you. See the image below for more on Myanmar power plugs (courtesy of Lonely Planet.)
There are chronic electricity shortages in Myanmar. This is a result of years of poor planning that has been compounded by the political turbulence since 2021. As much of Myanmar’s energy comes from hydroelectricity, the capacity of the power grid is at its lowest during the hot season (March-May) when there hasn’t been consistent rain for several months. During these times much of the country is under scheduled power outages. Other parts of the country are under unscheduled power outages. We recommend bringing a power bank to keep yourself charged.
Most high-end hotels and restaurants will have generators. Others may use solar. Some smaller hotels might have generators but only turn them on upon request. Sampan is aware of the situation of each of our partner hotels and restaurants – please feel free to contact us for more information. You can also read this report from Frontier on energy, electricity and shortages in Myanmar.
There is no hard-and-fast rule for tipping customs in Myanmar. Therefore on the whole we say that clients should tip at their own discretion. Generally, tipping in Myanmar will be welcome but not necessarily expected.
When in very rural or remote destinations, a tip probably won’t be expected. Insisting on leaving one can lead to confusion and embarrassment. Best to be unfussy and not make a song and dance of it. Referring to it as a gift – ‘let saung’ in Burmese (လက် စဆာင်) – may help clarify the situation.
Guides will expect a tip. Sampan’s Myanmar tipping guidelines recommend a $5 tip per day per guest for guides. If you do decide to tip the guide, please do also tip the driver (of car and/or boat) if you have one. We suggest you tip your driver half of whatever you tip your guide.
Please note, when your meal at a restaurant has not been covered by Sampan, it is up to you whether you wish to invite your guide to join with you. If you do invite them to join you, it is customary that you will then pay for the meal. i.e. the inviter covers the cost of the bill.
A tip of 500 MMK is appropriate for a bellboy or porter at a hotel or the airport. It is not necessary to tip taxi drivers.
Bartering (haggling) is a part of Myanmar culture, but not in every situation. It should be accepted that travellers will often be charged a higher price than Myanmar nationals. That being said, our guides will let you know if you are being given an extortionate rate. If you are not in the company of a guide and are not sure whether it is appropriate to barter or not, proceed gently. And in all cases, keep smiling!
Sampan has created ethical shopping guidelines to help travellers spend their money in Myanmar responsibly. We send this automatically to our guests. If you are not a guest of ours, please contact us to receive more practical information for travelling in Myanmar.
Same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Myanmar. That being said, most people in Myanmar are accepting of homosexuality. There is a smattering of specifically gay-friendly bars in Yangon. Same-sex couples will face no problem staying in a double room in a hotel but public displays of affection should be avoided.
The colonial law Section 377 criminalizes all sexual acts “against the order of nature”. It is rarely enforced, however it does render those in the LGBTQ+ community vulnerable to police harassment. The “Darkness Law” – also from the colonial era – is often used by Myanmar police to penalize trans people for “acting suspicious” or being “in disguise.”
In society, homosexuality remains culturally sensitive but great strides have been made in recent years. Myanmar hosted its first gay pride festival in 2017 and the LGBTQ+ film festival &proud debuted in 2014 with 1,500 attendees. Before COVID-19, there was a monthly LGBTQ+ club night called FAB – predominantly frequented by locals.
We can confidently say that Myanmar is safe for LGBTQ+ travellers. Openly gay-friendly establishments in Yangon include Ô’Thentic Brasserie, Freedom Bar and Heaven on Earth. The latter hosts a drag show on Friday and Saturday nights.
That being said, Myanmar is still a conservative country. Sex is rarely discussed openly and public displays of affection, homosexual or heterosexual, should be avoided.
Unfortunately, travelling with a mobility disability in Myanmar is difficult. Most hotels and sites are not set up to accommodate wheelchairs. However progress has been made on making Myanmar more accessible. Contact us for more information.